On January 29, 2020, President Donald Trump signed the agreement between the United States, Mexico-Canada. Canada has not yet adopted it in its parliamentary body until January 2020. Mexico was the first country to ratify the agreement in 2019. In the end, according to many experts, Mexico`s recent economic performance was influenced by non-NAFTA factors. The depreciation of the peso in 1994 stimulated Mexican exports, while competition with low-priced Chinese industry [PDF] likely slowed growth. Non-coherent public measures, such as land reform, have facilitated the sale and emigration of farmers. Hanson of UCSD argued [PDF] that Mexico`s struggles are mainly due to domestic causes: underdeveloped credit markets, a large and low-productivity informal sector and dysfunctional regulation. 19 In addition to the mumms, Lybecker and Pacheco Vega cited earlier, political scientists John Kirton, Virginia McLaren and Jordi Diez also support the general assertion that KEK has produced some positive environmental results by providing openness to citizen participation (Kirton McLaren 2002; Diez 2006). Long-time global environmental policy analysts James Gustave Speth and Peter Haas describe NAFTA and its KEK as “almost unprecedented in international relations because they give NGOs and other non-state actors the right to formally question the legitimacy of government actions.13 In addition, the Council, made up of representatives of Canada`s national environmental authorities, has the right to formally question the legitimacy of government actions.13 In addition, the Council, made up of representatives of Canada`s national environmental authorities, is made up of representatives of Canada`s national environmental authorities. , the United States and Mexico, has supranational powers. to impose sanctions. , including trade sanctions if Member States do not enforce their own national laws. It was the first trade institution to open the door for environmental groups to file complaints against one of the three NAFTA members; it offers citizens, particularly in Mexico, where regulatory capacity is weaker, a new instrument to bring their government and the private sector to justice in cases of environmental abuse.
The debate on the impact of NAFTA on its signatory countries continues. While the United States, Canada and Mexico have experienced economic growth, higher wages and stronger trade since nafta, experts disagree on the extent to which the agreement has actually contributed to these benefits, if at all, to manufacturing employment. , immigration and consumer goods prices. The results are difficult to isolate and other important developments have occurred on the continent and around the world over the past quarter century. Intra-Mercosur merchandise trade (excluding Venezuela) increased from $10 billion at the creation of the trading bloc in 1991 to US$88 billion in 2010; Brazil and Argentina accounted for 43%. The trade balance within the bloc has historically shifted to Brazil, which recorded an intra-Mercosur balance of more than $5 billion in 2010. In 2010, trade within Mercosur accounted for only 16% of total merchandise trade in the four countries and trade with the European Union (20%), China (14%) and the United States (11%).