India showed a spirit of gratitude for saving the life of Mujibur Rahman, the father of the nation of Bangladesh, eight months after his release, and ordered the release of all 93,000 Pakistani prisoners of war under the Shimla Agreement of 2 August 1972. The world had never experienced such decency in international relations as India`s behavior with Pakistan on the issue of prisoners of war. (i) that the principles and objectives of the UN Charter govern relations between the two countries.  Shimla Agreement: July 2, 1972 Lahimla Agreement: What is it? The Shimla Agreement was signed on 2 July 1972 by Indira Gandhi, then Indian Prime Minister, and by Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, after the 1971 India-Pakistan War that liberated East Pakistan and led to the creation of Bangladesh. Among them, India and Pakistan have decided to abandon the conflict of the past and focus on building lasting friendship, peace and cooperation between them. The Shimla Agreement: Key Principles The Shimla Agreement contains a series of principles agreed by both India and Pakistan, which emphasize respect for sovereignty, territorial integrity, sovereign equality, non-interference in the internal affairs of the other, respect for political independence and unity of the other, and disregard for hostile propaganda. The principles of the Shimla Agreement are:- Mutual commitment to peacefully resolve all issues through direct bilateral approaches.- Build the basis of a cooperative relationship with an emphasis on contacts.- Maintain the inviolability of the line of control in Jammu and Kashmir. Shimla agreement: main features 1. India and Pakistan have decided to put an end to the conflict and confrontation that have weighed on their relations in the past and to commit to a friendly and harmonious relationship to establish lasting peace in the subcontinent. 2. Both India and Pakistan agreed that relations between the two countries were governed by the principles of the United Nations Charter.
3. The two countries have decided to settle their differences by peaceful means, bilateral means or other means which they have agreed to. 4. Both India and Pakistan agreed to respect the line of control in Jammu and Kashmir, without undermining the recognized position of both sides. They also agreed that neither unilateral attempts at change would be sought, regardless of reciprocal differences and legal interpretations. 5. In addition, both nations agreed not to resort to threat or violence in violation of this line. (iii) Withdrawals will begin on the effective date of this agreement and will be concluded within 30 days.  No sooner had the agreement been signed than The Pakistani Prime Minister, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, began to denigrate his intention to make Pakistan a nuclear power. Indira Gandhi should have taken note.
In April 1973, in Foreign Affairs magazine, Bhutto dishonestly wrote that “Pakistan had been the victim of brazen aggression: its eastern part was occupied by Indian troops. It is this fact that has made it difficult for our people to reconcile in the face of the fait accompli, especially since the invasion was not an isolated phenomenon. On the contrary, it was only the culmination of a long series of hostile and aggressive actions by India against Pakistan since the creation of these two sovereign and independent states. »