Given that North America is currently focusing on the region due to the many LNG export projects that have access to North American grid gas, the third-party LNG toll is at the forefront. The relationship between the owner of LNG liquefaction facilities and toll customers is very different from the structure of the project company used worldwide in recent years. While LNG projects are structured in different ways, North American models are evolving very strongly. Around the world, LNG liquefaction facilities have been built in the past to facilitate sales of stranded gas, where gas could not be placed on the market due to lack of infrastructure and more expensive. Due to advanced technology, which indicates that shale gas is now increasingly commercial, gas has washed up in many situations in North America due to a lack of market situation, but there is access to very mature and extensive infrastructure. As we have already seen in import terminals in North America, many U.S. export projects tend to develop LNG facilities without holding upstream facilities. This trend leads to a true third-party toll and increases the ability of many smaller players to participate in the LNG business, either as toll customers or as infrastructure owners. It is essential that the provisions on the repeal and planning of conditions and procedures (including port use agreements or conditions of use), the measurement method and the allocation of LNG and other by-products are uniform for all toll customers under the same project.
Clear and non-discriminatory allocation procedures and measurement principles to accurately determine the right of each toll customer to support LNG and by-products are important not only for project participants, but also for financiers. Allocation procedures and measurement methods should apply equally to all toll customers and be verifiable by all toll customers using LNG liquefaction facilities. Disputes concerning these provisions are generally subject to expert decision.